Es una representación gráfica simplificada de un territorio. Iniciados con el propósito de conocer el mundo, y apoyados primeramente sobre teorías filosóficas, los mapas constituyen hoy una fuente importante de información y una gran parte de la actividad humana está relacionada de una u otra forma con la cartografía, que en su representación más amplia incluye el universo en general y el sistema solar, más allá del planeta tierra. Los mapas se apoyan hoy en día en herramientas tecnológicas para construir geolocalizaciones.
Mediante tácticas mapping se accede a mapas mentales, mapas psicosociales, y mapas bio-políticos que van más allá de las fronteras incluyendo también aspectos etnográficos, históricos, estadísticos, etc.
Es una herramienta analítica que reconoce que las desigualdades sistémicas se configuran a partir de la superposición de diferentes factores sociales como el género, la etnia y la clase social. La visión interseccional pretende superar desigualdades y estereotipos, y se enfrenta también a todo tipo de barreras, como son las guerras, las migraciones, la pobreza o la violencia de género. El feminismo se ha dedicado históricamente a la lucha por la igualdad. La tecnología y las redes sociales construyen nuestras identidades.
En cuanto a Biología y Medicina, es un estado de resistencia, natural o adquirida, que poseen ciertos individuos o especies frente a determinadas acciones patógenas de microorganismos o sustancias extrañas.
También es la cualidad de inmune, que se define como exento de ciertos oficios, cargos, gravámenes o penas. Es sinónimo de invulnerable.
La inmunidad sería el proceso o estado que combate las enfermedades para su superación. La inmunidad puede ser colectiva o individual. La globalización crea comunidades desprotegidas y faltas de inmunidad social a causa de las pandemias, las guerras y las desigualdades sociales.
Por antonomasia, se refiere a la Tierra, y se define como cuerpo celeste sin luz propia que gira en una órbita elíptica alrededor de una estrella, en particular los que giran alrededor del Sol. Dentro del planeta nos encontramos con la naturaleza, conjunto de todo lo que existe y que está determinado y armonizado en sus propias leyes, y, por otro lado, los ecosistemas, que son comunidades de los seres vivos cuyos procesos vitales se relacionan entre sí y se desarrollan en función de los factores físicos de un mismo ambiente.
También dentro de este ámbito podemos trabajar el ecologismo, que se define como una doctrina que propugna la defensa de la naturaleza y la preservación del medio ambiente, donde lo urbano comienza a defender sus huertos, playas y ecosistemas naturales. Últimamente el movimiento ecofeminista se caracteriza por la reivindicación del ecosistema natural con colectivos como Madres por el Clima, etc.
Trata de la forma de comunicar mediante la interacción coordinada y recíproca de emisores y receptores a través de los lugares que habitamos. Las diferentes perspectivas y medios que dan lugar a un sistema social de valores y normas que regulan las convenciones y discursos de poder preestablecidos tanto en la ciudad, el barrio o el metaverso. La comunidad es un conjunto de personas que de alguna forma se unen en redes de forma presencial u online para conseguir defender intereses comunes. Las asociaciones y redes sociales pueden tener un poder transformador al trabajar de forma colectiva y participativa. Las nuevas tecnologías e internet permiten la creación de nodos, que son redes no jerárquicas.
La sociedad capitalista fomenta el consumo sin que se necesite realmente mediante una mala educación que debería revertirse. Fomenta la búsqueda de cosas externas materiales para satisfacer necesidades creadas, lo que nos lleva a conductas adictivas (compras compulsivas; uso compulsivo de redes sociales; videojuegos; ludopatía; adicción al trabajo) y uso de sustancias (adicción a sustancias legales e ilegales, drogas y medicamentos). Cuando beneficia, se llama consumo y cuando supone un problema, se llama enfermedad. La ciudad es el máximo exponente de las nuevas y antiguas adicciones, ya que por su idiosincrasia promueve la aglomeración de personas, las diferencias y las grandes superficies de ocio programado.
ADDICTION: Addiction is dependence on substances or activities harmful to health or mental balance. Or it can also be the extreme fondness for someone or something.
ADVERTISEMENT: Advertising of a product or service for commercial purposes to convince the public to buy or use it.
ACTIVISM: The attitude or behavior of people who participate in movements, especially of a political or social nature.
ASSOCIATION(S): An association is a legal entity constituted by agreement of three or more legally constituted natural or legal persons, who undertake to pool knowledge, means and activities to achieve lawful, common purposes, of general or particular interest, and which are provided with statutes governing its operation.
ABSENCE: Absence is understood as the lack of or deprivation of something, and also as the effect of being absent or being absent.
AUTHORITY: Power or right to command or govern people who are subordinate. Person who has this power or right.
BARRIER: A barrier is a fence, gate, timber, chain or other similar obstacle with which a passage is closed or a place is enclosed, it is understood therefore as an obstacle between one thing and another.
BARRIO: Neighborhoods are each of the parts into which towns and cities or their districts are divided.
BIOLOGY: Biology is the science that deals with living beings considering their structure, functioning, evolution, distribution and relationships.
BIOPOLITICS: Biopolitics is a concept introduced by Foucault to describe the transformations of modern forms of government, characterized by the deployment of a whole set of technologies, practices, strategies and political rationalities aimed at the government of life.
WAGE GAP: The wage gap is the difference between the average wage of men and women, as a percentage of the average wage of men.
CAPITALISM: Economic and social system based on private ownership of the means of production, on the importance of capital as a generator of wealth and on the allocation of resources through the market mechanism.
CITY: A group of buildings and streets, governed by a city council, whose dense and numerous population is usually engaged in non-agricultural activities.
SOCIAL CLASS: Grouping of individuals in a society characterized by their role in the production system and the share of state wealth they have and that present certain affinity of customs, economic means, interests, etc.
CARTOGRAPHY: applied science that is responsible for gathering, performing and analyzing measurements and data from regions of the Earth, to represent them graphically with different linear dimensions on a reduced scale.
CO-EDUCATION: Teaching in the same classroom and with the same educational system to students of both sexes. This definition does not refer to a non-sexist education, but to a mixed education model.
COLLECTIVE: A group of people who live in the same territory and share certain circumstances (interests, norms, habits, culture, etc.).
CONSUMPTION: The action of using and/or spending a product, good or service to meet both primary and secondary human needs. In economics, consumption is considered the final phase of the productive process, when the good obtained is capable of being useful to the consumer. In today’s capitalist system, consumption represents a cyclical activity, since man produces in order to consume, and this consumption generates more production.
COMBAT: Physical confrontation between people or animals; in particular, that which is subject to rules, as in wrestling sports.
COMMUNITY: The community is defined as the whole of the people of a town, region or nation, or by those people linked by common characteristics and interests.
COUNTRYSIDE: Part of the land surface not occupied by population centers.
ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS: Addictive behaviors are defined as behavior that provokes the imperious need to be repeated, in spite of the evident psychic and physical damage that it generates both on a personal level and on third parties.
CONSTRUCTION: Construction is the action, effect or art of building.
CARTOGRAPHY: Cartography is the art of drawing geographical maps and, at the same time, the science that studies them.
COVID-19: Covid-19 is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
DEMOLITION: Action and effect of demolishing.
DECENTRALIZATION: The process of distributing or dispersing functions, powers, persons or things away from a central location or authority.
DECOMPOSITION: Separation of a thing in the different parts or elements that form it.
UNEQUALITY: Condition or circumstance of not having the same nature, quantity, quality, value or form as another, or of differing from it in one or more aspects.
DERIVATION: Drifting is the act of walking without direction or fixed purpose, at the mercy of circumstances.
ECOFEMINISM: It is the current of feminism that integrates the ecological theme.
ECOLOGY: Science that studies living beings as inhabitants of an environment, and the relationships they maintain among themselves and with the environment itself.
ECOSYSTEM: Community of living beings whose vital processes relate to each other and develop according to the physical factors of the same environment.
EDUCATION: Upbringing, teaching and doctrine given to children and young people.
DISEASE: Slight or serious alteration of the normal functioning of an organism or any of its parts due to an internal or external cause.
ETHNICITY: Ethnicity is described as a human community defined by racial, linguistic, cultural, etc. affinities.
STATISTICS: Science that uses numerical data sets to draw inferences from them based on the calculation of probabilities.
PUBLIC SPHERE: is the configuration of spaces of social spontaneity free from state interference as well as from market and media regulations. A space of free expression, participation and deliberation is created, giving rise to public opinion in its informal phase, as well as civic organizations and, in general, everything that questions, critically evaluates and influences politics from the outside.
SPACE: physical medium in which bodies and movements are situated, and which is usually characterized as homogeneous, continuous, three-dimensional and unlimited. Being a place with determined limits and common characteristics or purposes.
ETHNOGRAPHY: Descriptive study of popular culture.
FEMINISM: Social movement that demands for women the recognition of capacities and rights that have traditionally been reserved for men. Social and political movement that seeks equality between women and men.
GLOBALIZATION: Globalization, sometimes referred to as mundialization, is a worldwide economic, technological, political, social and cultural process that consists of increasing communication and interdependence among the different countries of the world, uniting their social markets through a series of social and political transformations that give them a global character. Globalization is often identified as a dynamic process produced mainly by society and which has opened its doors to the information revolution, reaching a considerable level of liberalization and democratization in its political culture, in its national legal and economic order, and in its national and international relations.
WAR: War can be defined in two ways: on the one hand, it is the disagreement and breach of peace between two or more powers; and on the other hand, it is the armed struggle between two or more nations or between sides of the same nation.
GENDER: This is a technical term specific to the social sciences to refer to the set of differentiated cultural characteristics derived from the sexual conformation of people, which can be organized as part of a binary system (male/female).
GEOLOCALIZATION: Geolocation is the ability to obtain the actual geographic location of an object, such as a radar, a cell phone or a computer connected to the Internet. Geolocation can refer to location query, or for actual location query. The term geolocation is closely related to the use of positioning systems, but can be distinguished from these by a greater emphasis on determining a meaningful position (e.g., a street address) and not just a set of geographic coordinates. This process is generally employed by geographic information systems, an organized set of hardware and software, plus geographic data, that is specially designed to capture, store, manipulate, and analyze in all its possible forms the referenced geographic information.
HUERTO: A short plot of land, generally fenced, on which vegetables, legumes and fruit trees are grown.
FOOTPRINT: Trace, sign, vestige left by someone or something.
HISTORY: Set of political, social, economic, cultural, etc., events or facts of a people or a nation, it can also refer to the science that studies these facts.
EQUALITY: Equality is the principle that recognizes the equality of all citizens in rights and obligations.
IMAGINARY: From the Latin imaginarius, it is not necessarily material: it is an imagined reality -real- contingent on the imagination of a concrete social subject.
IMMUNITY: State of resistance, natural or acquired, that certain individuals or species possess against certain pathogenic actions of microorganisms or foreign substances.
INTERACTION: Interaction is the reciprocal action exerted between two or more objects, persons, agents, forces, functions, etc.
INTERNET: It is defined as a worldwide, decentralized computer network, formed by the direct connection between computers by means of a special communication protocol.
INTERSECTIONALITY: Intersectionality is a framework designed to explore the dynamics between coexisting identities (e.g., female, black) and connected systems of oppression (e.g., patriarchy, white supremacy).
INVULNERABLE: Invulnerable means that which is unaffected by what is done or said against it.
LAWS: On the one hand, law is understood as any fixed rule to which a phenomenon of nature is subject, and on the other hand, law is defined as a precept dictated by the competent authority, in which something is commanded or prohibited in accordance with justice and for the good of the governed.
LUDOPATHY: Pathological addiction to electronic games or games of chance.
MAP: A map is the geographical representation of a part of the earth’s surface, on which information relating to a particular science is given.
BIOPOLITICAL MAP: The concept of biopolitics has a meaning that runs parallel to that of biopower. The latter refers to a set of strategies aimed at directing power relations in order to make life manageable. Biopolitics would then be the type of politics and management sought by this biopower.
MENTAL MAP: A mental map is a diagram used to represent words, ideas, tasks, readings, drawings, or other concepts linked and radically arranged through a key word or central idea.
PSYCHOSOCIAL MAP: The psychosocial map has by definition the orientation to serve as an exploratory and descriptive vision of these factors, falling in love with the work reality of a specific context.
MATERIALS: A material is defined as the processed or manufactured matter from which a thing is made.
MEDICINE: Medicine is the body of knowledge and techniques applied to the prediction, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of human diseases and, where appropriate, to the rehabilitation of the sequelae they may produce.
ENVIRONMENT: The environment is understood as the set of physical and biological circumstances or factors that surround living beings and influence their development and behavior.
MEMORY: Memory is the psychic faculty by which the past is retained and recalled.
METAVERSE: Metaverses are environments where humans interact socially and economically as avatars, through a logical support in a cyberspace, which acts as a metaphor of the real world, but without its limitations.
MIGRATIONS: A migration is a geographical displacement of individuals or groups, usually for economic or social causes.
ECOFEMINIST MOVEMENT: The ecofeminist movement is the current of feminism that integrates ecological issues.
NATURE: Set of things that exist in the world or that are produced or modified without human intervention.
SCHEDULED LEISURE: Scheduled leisure is understood as free time away from work previously ordered and planned.
ONLINE: The definition of online refers to that which is connected to the Internet or other data network.
PANDEMIC: Epidemic disease that spreads to many countries or attacks almost all individuals in a locality or region.
PARTICIPATIVE: Pertaining or relating to participation, and conducive to participation.
PATHOGEN: A pathogen is that which originates and develops a disease.
PERSPECTIVES: Perspectives are understood as those points of view from which an issue is considered or analyzed.
BEACHES: Shore of the sea or of a large river, formed by sandbanks on an almost flat surface.
POVERTY: Scarcity or lack of what is necessary to live.
POWER: Power is the capacity to do a certain thing, and within the social sciences, it is the capacity of an individual to influence the behavior of other people or social organizations.
PRESENCE: Personal attendance, or state of being in front of or in the same place as another or others.
PRESENT: Implying the presence of the person concerned.
PLANET EARTH: By antonomasia, refers to the Earth, and is defined as a celestial body without its own light that revolves in an elliptical orbit around a star, particularly those revolving around the Sun.
POST PANDEMIC: “Behind” “after” the pandemic.
QR: A QR code is a square two-dimensional barcode that can store encoded data. Most of the time the data is a link to a website (URL).
NETWORKS: It deals with the way we communicate through the coordinated and reciprocal interaction of senders and receivers through the places we inhabit.
SOCIAL NETWORKS: Digital platform for global communication that connects a large number of users.
RESISTANCE: Action and effect of resisting or resisting.
CAPITALIST SOCIETY: Capitalist society is a political, social and economic system; it is based on the production and exchange of goods, this means that in order to acquire any service or object necessary to live one must have the money to buy it.
SUPERVISION: Action and effect of overcoming.
TECHNOLOGIES: Set of industrial instruments and procedures of a certain sector or product.
NEIGHBORHOOD TISSUE: the bonds and relationships of care that are established in a society that inhabits a given place.
EARTH: planetary surface on which the conditions for the maintenance of life as we know it today are born and exist.
TERRITORY: Portion of the terrestrial surface belonging to a nation, region, province, etc.
URBAN: Pertaining or relating to the city.
COMPULSIVE USE: refers to the predisposition with which an object or service is consumed because of a need created by capitalism and the mass production of goods.
UNDO: To make a thing return to the way it was before it was done, so that it disappears or is destroyed, decomposed or disarranged.
UNIVERSE: that which is in coexistence and obeys certain laws. It is a place or scenography where there are conditions for the development of an action.
VIDEO GAMES: A video game is an electronic device that allows, by means of appropriate controls, to simulate games on the screens of a television, computer or other electronic device.
GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE: The psychological and physical abuse suffered by women because of their status as women. It is exercised individually and also institutionally. Due to its consequences, which end in murder, it can be considered a pandemic.